Anne Whitney (1821-1915) was a poet and sculptor who lived and worked in the Boston area. She was raised in Watertown, the youngest of seven children, in a wealthy and liberal Unitarian family. Initially a teacher, Whitney ran a small school in Salem from 1846-1848. She went on to publish two volumes of poetry before turning her full attention to sculpture, studying first in New York and Philadelphia and later in Rome. Whitney is known for overcoming adversity and sexism as a female sculptor and taking on challenging subject matter, specifically with "Africa" which depicts a woman awakening from the sleep of slavery and "Roma" which was inspired by the poverty of Roman peasants. She created a number of busts and statues, many of which are still on display today - most notably Sam Adams in the US Capitol, Charles Sumner in Harvard Square, and Leif Ericsson on the Commonwealth Avenue Mall in Boston. As a philanthropist, Whitney donated large sums of money to many causes, in particular to those supporting abolition, women's suffrage, and environmental protection. She was also active in petitioning the government to boycott the slogan "Remember the Maine" during the Spanish American War.