Date

2018

Department or Program

Anthropology

Primary Wellesley Thesis Advisor

Adam Van Arsdale

Abstract

Since it plays such a critical role in the movements of the upper body, the human clavicle is likely subjected to external forces, or mechanical loads, that influence its morphology. By observing the clavicle’s morphological modifications, anthropologists can potentially reconstruct the activity patterns of past populations. However, the clavicle is largely neglected by anthropological studies. To demonstrate the utility of the clavicle for behavioral reconstruction research, this study documents patterns of clavicular sexual dimorphism, directional asymmetry, and morphological variation to investigate the demographics of four medieval European populations.

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