Radon in the DRIFT-II directional dark matter TPC: emanation, detection and mitigation
Radon gas emanating from materials is of interest in environmental science and also a major concern in rare event non-accelerator particle physics experiments such as dark matter and double beta decay searches, where it is a major source of background. Notable for dark matter experiments is the production of radon progeny recoils (RPRs), the low energy (100 keV) recoils of radon daughter isotopes, which can mimic the signal expected from WIMP interactions. Presented here are results of measurements of radon emanation from detector materials in the 1m3 DRIFT-II directional dark matter gas time projection chamber experiment. Construction and operation of a radon emanation facility for this work is described, along with an analysis to continuously monitor DRIFT data for the presence of internal 222Rn and 218Po. Applying this analysis to historical DRIFT data, we show how systematic substitution of detector materials for alternatives, selected by this device for low radon emanation, has resulted in a factor of 10 reduction in internal radon rates. Levels are found to be consistent with the sum from separate radon emanation measurements of the internal materials and also with direct measurement using an attached alpha spectrometer. The current DRIFT detector, DRIFT-IId, is found to have sensitivity to [...] with current analysis efficiency, potentially opening up DRIFT technology as a new tool for sensitive radon assay of materials.
J.B.R. Battat et al. Radon in the DRIFT-II directional dark matter TPC: emanation, detection and mitigation, Journal of Instrumentation Volume 9 November 2014, JINST 9 P11004. doi: 10.1088/1748-0221/9/11/P11004