Philosophers have used the terms ‘impersonal’ and ‘personal value’ to refer to, among other things, whether something’s value is universal or particular to an individual. In this paper, I propose an account of impersonal value that, I argue, better captures the intuitive distinction than potential alternatives, while providing conceptual resources for moving beyond the traditional stark dichotomy. I illustrate the practical importance of my theoretical account with reference to debate over the evaluative scope of cultural heritage.
Matthes, Erich Hatala. "Impersonal Value, Universal Value, and the Scope of Cultural Heritage," Ethics, Vol. 125, No. 4 (July 2015), 999-1027.