In this paper, we discuss the design and development of a particular type of electronic publication that has gained recent popularity: electronic conference proceedings. We suggest that modern electronic proceedings should provide a high degree of interactivity. To support such interactivity, proceedings should include an extensive collection of features and diverse multimedia components. Features appropriate for electronic proceedings include annotation, presentation, and retrieval mechanisms. Conference papers and multimedia reproductions of conference presentations with features that allow readers to manipulate these reproductions particularly enhance the interactivity of electronic proceedings. Experience from interactive proceedings the authors have designed is also discussed. Special attention is given to the multiple roles video elements can and should play in interactive proceedings. —Keywords: Hypermedia, electronic publishing, electronic conference proceedings, digital video —Citation: The Role of Video in Interactive Electronic Conference Proceedings, with S. Rebelsky, F. Makedon, J. Ford, C. Owen and P. Gloor. In The Journal of Universal Computer Science. 4 (6) pp. 604-628, 1998.